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  • Andrew Littlejohn Johnson

Understanding Product Liability Claims: What You Need to Know




When you purchase a product, you trust that it is safe to use. But what happens when a product turns out to be defective and causes harm? This is where product liability law comes into play. This blog post will give you a comprehensive understanding of product liability claims and what you need to know if you find yourself in such a situation.


Product Liability: A Primer


Product liability is a legal concept that holds manufacturers, suppliers, and retailers responsible if a product they place in the hands of consumers turns out to be defective and causes injury or damage. This is an essential part of consumer protection law, ensuring that businesses are held accountable for the safety of their products.


Types of Product Liability Claims


In the realm of product liability, claims typically fall into three main categories: design defects, manufacturing defects, and failure to warn, also known as marketing defects.

  1. Design Defects: These defects are inherent in the product before it even reaches the manufacturing stage. Essentially, something about the product's design makes it inherently unsafe when used as intended or in a reasonably foreseeable manner.

  2. Manufacturing Defects: These defects occur during the production process. Even if a product's design is sound, errors during manufacturing can render the product unsafe.

  3. Failure to Warn: This type of defect involves inadequate instructions or warnings regarding the safe use of the product. Even if a product is designed and manufactured correctly, it may still be considered defective if it lacks clear and adequate usage instructions or safety warnings.

Who's Responsible for a Product Liability Claim?


In a product liability claim, anyone in the product's chain of distribution can be held liable. This includes the product's manufacturer, the manufacturer of component parts, the wholesaler, and the retail store that sold the product to the consumer.


Proving a Product Liability Claim


To prevail in a product liability claim, a plaintiff typically must prove four key elements:

  1. The product was defective.

  2. The defect existed prior to the manufacturer releasing the product.

  3. The defect caused the plaintiff's injury.

  4. The plaintiff was harmed as a result.

It's worth noting that in many jurisdictions, product liability cases operate under the doctrine of "strict liability." This means the plaintiff only needs to prove that the product was defective and that the defect caused their injury — they do not need to prove that the manufacturer or retailer was negligent.


Common Defenses in Product Liability Cases


Common defenses in product liability cases often involve claims that the plaintiff misused the product in unforeseeable ways, or that the product was altered or modified after it left the manufacturer's control.


The Role of a Lawyer in a Product Liability Case


A skilled lawyer can be instrumental in a product liability case. They can help gather evidence, establish liability, and either negotiate a settlement or represent you in court. If you believe you have a product liability claim, it's crucial to seek legal advice as soon as possible.


In conclusion, understanding product liability claims is essential for protecting your rights as a consumer.


If you've been injured by a defective product, you may be entitled to compensation. Contact Littlejohn Law today for a consultation with an experienced product liability legal professional for advice tailored to your specific situation.


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